THE QUOTE OF THE DAY .

Happiness depends upon ourselves.

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Simple notes about searching the blog

Welcome to my blog.

For the new readers, I will explain some issues to help you enjoy reading my blog.

*I had collected my informations from different resources to make it almost complete. 

* I tried to add my own pictures.   

*To see the photos clear please click it.

* To continue reading please click read more.

* You can search my blog by labels, by time of publishing (archive), or popular posts.

* You can also leave your comment if you like, and I will replay . 

Thank you

  

Thanks a lot 
Manal Raafat

Monday, August 14, 2017

The aim of my blog

Hi, good morning everybody.
 I am reminding you of the aim of my blog.

I am interested in all the photo's arts. I am interested in learning and designing for beginners. I will help you to learn Photoshop, Illustrator. Learning with illustrations and videos. Learn tips and tricks of Photo-shop and Illustrator,design your own cards and fix your pictures, change your picture's background, color and express yourself and feelings and add your feelings to your designs.

You can also find topics about many things ,and increase your general  knowledge. Read also about science,history ,and different things.


Arts of photos



I am fond of the pictures and photo's art, so I Will show you many photos, ancient and recent.


Arts of photos


Thanks a lot 
Manal Raafat

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Sacred barque of Osiris at Abydos.

*Abydos is one of the oldest cities of ancient Egypt, and also of the eighth nome in Upper Egypt, of which it was the capital city.
Abydos considered one of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt, the sacred city of Abydos was the site of many ancient temples

Sacred barque of Osiris at Abydos.
The north wall of the Osiris Chapel in the Seti Temple at Abydos is decorated with a relief showing the sacred portable barque of Osiris. The barque, called “Nechmet”, would have been used to carry the fetish of Osiris around the temple during festival processions.

Sacred barque of Osiris at Abydos.

The fetish was housed amidships in a shrine which was partially concealed from profane eyes by a white linen cloth. 

Nevertheless, the upper part of the fetish is visible in this image as it is emerging above the roof of the shrine. It consisted of a pole which was surmounted by a box in the shape of a beehive inlaid with blue beads and crowned with two tall feathers. It may have been the intention that it resembled a wig (blue was the favoured hair colour of the gods) and in some cases an actual face is depicted, as we see there is here. 
The wig-like box is thought to have been a reliquary which held the head of Osiris. According to Egyptian mythology Seth cut up the body of his brother Osiris and scattered the parts all over Egypt. Osiris’ head ended up in Abydos making it the prime cult centre of the god, where each year his resurrection was celebrated in a festival.

The portable barque is “crewed” by a number of (probably wooden) statuettes, some of which are wearing pharaonic crowns. There is a statuette manipulating the steering oars at the stern and amidships two kneeling figures are steadying the sides of the shrine. On the roof of the shrine two other kneeling statuettes are clasping the pole of the fetish. They are accompanied by small figures of Isis and Nephtys who raise up their arms in an adoring gesture towards the reliquary box.

The prow of the barque is decorated with a finial in the form of an Osiris head emerging from a papyrus flower. The prow below the flower is conspicuously vertical and may be reminiscent of the pole of the fetish. The ornate collar beneath it is depicted in a frontal view but would have been turned ninety degrees in reality.

The barque is placed on carrying poles that would have been supported by priests’ shoulders during a procession. But in this image the poles rest on a pedestal. Beside the pedestal we see offerings of flowers and vases.
The barque is placed in a large gilded shrine, the top of which is decorated with a row of uraeuses.

As said, this relief can be found on the north wall in the Chapel of Osiris, one of the seven chapels that are located directly west of the Second Hypostyle Hall . Unlike the other six chapels, the Osiris Chapel acted as a gangway, leading to the Inner Osiris Hall deeper in the temple. Thus, there was probably no room here for Osiris’ barque and it must have been placed elsewhere in the temple.

For other images of the Osiris fetish in Abydos, see photos 29906, 29907 and 29951.
The Seti Temple at Abydos was begun by Seti I and completed by his son Ramses II in the 13th century BC.


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Manal Raafat

'Osiris as personification of the moon at Dendera.'

*Dendera is a small town and former bishopric in Egypt situated on the west bank of the Nile, about 5 kilometres (3 mi) south of Qena.

* Dendera Temple complex
It is one of the best-preserved temple complexes in Egypt. The area was used as the sixth Nome of Upper Egypt, south of Abydos.

 'Osiris as personification of the moon at Dendera.'Seated on a throne Osiris sails across the sky as personification of the full moon on the astronomical ceiling in the outer hypostyle hall of the Hathor Temple at Dendera.

 'Osiris as personification of the moon at Dendera.'


The astronomical ceiling consists of seven separate strips but here we are looking at a detail of the FIRST STRIP WEST from centre.
The deities in this picture form part of a panel that deals with the full moon and which is located at the southern end of the strip.

Osiris is accompanied by the seated goddesses Nephtys (left) and Isis, while Maat stands near the bow of the ship. The caption above the ship tells us that Osiris has entered the eye of the moon on the 15th day of the month (that is, during full moon).

The starry sky on which the moon boat sails is supported by the four goddesses of the cardinal points (from left to right): west, north, south and east.

The kneeling falcon-headed figures on the right are the Souls of Pe and those kneeling on the left, with jackal heads, are the Souls of Nekhen. The Souls of Pe (a town in Lower Egypt) and Nekhen (a town in Upper Egypt) represent the mythological ancestral kings of Egypt from the predynastic period. They were seen as guardians of Lower and Upper Egypt and were thought to walk beside the pharaoh as spirits during certain festivals.

On the far left we see two frog-headed gods who belong to the Ogdoad (eight gods) of Hermopolis and who ruled the cosmos before the creation of the world. The upper one personifies the primeval waters and the lower one is associated with darkness.
For an overview of the entire strip see picture 29561.

This part of the Dendera Temple was built during the Roman period (first century AD)
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Manal Raafat

Stela depicts the infant Horus

The scene on this stela depicts the infant Horus standing on crocodiles and holding ferocious, little beasts in each hand. 

The stela is also inscribed with a set of thirteen spells against poison and illness. 

The inscription around the base contains a portion of the myth of Isis and Osiris, describing how the infant Horus was cured of poison by Thoth in the Delta marshes.

The scene on this stela depicts the infant Horus



The stela was carved for the priest Datum during the reign of Nectanebo ll. It was placed in the temple of Osiris Mnevis in Heliopolis.

Metropolitan Museum of Art


Thanks a lot
Manal Raafat

Wednesday, August 2, 2017

Deir el-Bahari

Deir el-Bahari, Thebes-West: The royal temple of Queen Hatshepsut (18th dynasty, 1490 - 1468 BC), hieroglyphic inscription and King's name card Thutmose III. (King 1490 - 1438 BC, until 1468 BC co-regent of his stepmother Hatshepsut, 18th dynasty). At Luxor (Egypt, Upper Egypt). Deir el-Bahari, Upper Egypt, Egypt.

No automatic alt text available.Deir el-Bahari
Deir el-Bahari



Thanks a lot Manal Raafat

Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Ahmose I [ Born of Iah ] *** The Pharaoh

Ahmose I was one of the most important Pharaohs in the history of Pharaonic Egypt so the article is little bit long, sorry for that.
   
The Name Ahmose I: 
sometimes written Amosis I, "Amenes" and "Aahmes" and meaning Born of Iah.

The meaning of the name:  The name Ahmose is a combination of the theophoric syllable 'Ah' and the combining form '-moses'. The theophoric syllable 'Ah' refers to the deity Iah.

Note: Iah is a god of the moon in ancient Egyptian religion. His name simply means moon.

His family:
Ahmose I, was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt and the founder of the Eighteenth dynasty. He was a member of the Theban royal house, the son of pharaoh Seqenenre Tao and brother of the last pharaoh of the Seventeenth dynasty, King Kamose. 


AhmoseI-Statue Head Metropolitan Museum
AhmoseI-Statue Head Metropolitan Museum

His life:
During the reign of his father or grandfather, Thebes rebelled against the Hyksos, the rulers of Lower Egypt. When he was seven his father was killed, and he was about ten when his brother died of unknown causes, after reigning only three years. Ahmose I assumed the throne after the death of his brother, and upon coronation became known as Neb-Pehty-Re (The Lord of Strength is Re).

During his reign, he completed the conquest and expulsion of the Hyksos from the delta region, restored Theban rule over the whole of Egypt and successfully reasserted Egyptian power in its formerly subject territories of Nubia and Canaan. He then reorganized the administration of the country, reopened quarries, mines and trade routes and began massive construction projects of a type that had not been undertaken since the time of the Middle Kingdom. This building program culminated in the construction of the last pyramid built by native Egyptian rulers. 
Ahmose's reign laid the foundations for the New Kingdom, under which Egyptian power reached its peak. His reign is usually dated to the mid-16th century BC.

Dates and length of reign
Ahmose's reign can be fairly accurately dated using the Heliacal rise of Sirius in his successor's reign, but because of disputes over from where the observation was made, he has been assigned a reign from 1570–1546, 1560–1537 and 1551–1527 by various sources. Manetho gives Ahmose a reign of 25 years and 4 months; this figure is supported by a 'Year 22' inscription from his reign at the stone quarries of Tura. A medical examination of his mummy indicates that he died when he was about thirty-five, supporting a 25-year reign if he came to the throne at the age of 10. The radiocarbon date range for the start of his reign is 1570–1544 BC, the mean point of which is 1557 BC.

Art and monumental constructions
  • With the re-unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Ahmose, a renewal of royal support for the arts and monumental construction occurred. Ahmose reportedly devoted a tenth of all the productive output towards the service of the traditional gods, reviving massive monumental constructions as well as the arts. However, as the defeat of the Hyksos occurred relatively late in Ahmose's reign, his subsequent building program likely lasted no more than seven years, and much of what was started was probably finished by his son and successor Amenhotep I.
  • Work from Ahmose's reign is made of much finer material than anything from the Second Intermediate Period, though the craftsmanship from his reign does not always match the best work from either the Old or Middle Kingdoms.
  • The art of glass making is thought to have developed during Ahmose's reign.One of the earliest glass beads found contains the names of both Ahmose and Amenhotep I, written in a style dated to about the time of their reigns.
  • Ahmose resumed large construction projects like those before the second intermediate period.[The Second Intermediate Period marks a period when Ancient Egypt fell into disarray for a second time, between the end of the Middle Kingdom and the start of the New Kingdom. It is best known as the period when the Hyksos made their appearance in Egypt and whose reign comprised the Fifteenth dynasties.]
  • Excavations at the site of Avaris by Manfred Bietak have shown that Ahmose had a palace constructed on the site of the former Hyksos capital city's fortifications. Bietak found fragmentary Minoan-style remains of the frescoes that once covered the walls of the palace; there has subsequently been much speculation as to what role this Aegean civilization may have played in terms of trade and in the arts.
  • Perhaps the most important shift was a religious one: Thebes effectively became the religious as well as the political center of the country, its local god Amun credited with inspiring Ahmose in his victories over the Hyksos. The importance of the temple complex at Karnak (on the east bank of the Nile north of Thebes) grew and the importance of the previous cult of Ra based in Heliopolis diminished.
  • Several stelae detailing the work done by Ahmose were found at Karnak, two of which depict him as a benefactor to the temple. In one of these stelae, known as the "Tempest Stele", he claims to have rebuilt the pyramids of his predecessors at Thebes that had been destroyed by a major storm The Thera eruption in the Aegean has been implicated by some scholars as the source of this damage, but similar claims are common in the propagandistic writings of other pharaohs, showing them overcoming the powers of darkness.
Pyramid of Ahmose I

The Pyramid of Ahmose I was built not as a tomb, but a cenotaph for pharaoh Ahmose I at the necropolis of Abydos, Egypt. It was the only royal pyramid built in this area. Today only a pile of rubble remains, reaching a height of about 10 m.

The pyramid was constructed from sand and rubble and only the usual limestone casing kept the building in shape. It had a base length of 52 m and was about 40 m high. The inclination of the sides was 60°.

It did not feature any chambers for burial. Around the pyramid were a number of temples and also a small cenotaph pyramid for his grandmother Tetisheri.

This pyramid was the last pyramid ever built as part of a mortuary complex in Egypt.

Ahmose I 's Mummy
Ahmose I's mummy was discovered in 1881 within the Deir el-Bahri Cache, located in the hills directly above the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut. 
He was  interred along with the mummies of other 18th and 19th dynasty leaders Amenhotep I, Thutmose I, Thutmose II, Thutmose III, Ramesses I, Seti I, Ramesses II and Ramesses IX, as well as the 21st dynasty pharaohs Pinedjem I, Pinedjem II and Siamun.

The mummified head of Ahmose I
Ahmose I's mummy was found within a coffin that bore his name in hieroglyphs, and on his bandages his name was again written in hieratic script. 
While the cedarwood coffin's style dates it squarely to the time of the 18th dynasty, it was neither of royal style nor craftsmanship, and any gilding or inlays may have been stripped in antiquity. 

He had evidently been moved from his original burial place, re-wrapped and placed within the cache at Deir el-Bahri during the reign of the 21st dynasty priest-king Pinedjum II, whose name also appeared on the mummy's wrappings. 

Around his neck a garland of delphinium flowers had been placed. The body bore signs of having been plundered by ancient grave-robbers, his head having been broken off from his body and his nose smashed.

The body was 1.63 m in height. The mummy had a small face with no defining features, though he had slightly prominent front teeth; this may have been an inherited family trait, as this feature can be seen in some female mummies of the same family, as well as the mummy of his descendant, Thutmose II.

Thanks 
Manal Raafat

Sayings that I liked

I liked those sayings; so I had copied it for you.

*** One fake friend, can do more harm
than ten real enemies.

*** In the end, it's not going to matter how many breaths you took,
 but how many moments took your breath away.


*** Never tell your problems to anyone...20% don't care, and the other 80% are glad you have them.

*** Be who you are and say what you feel because those who mind don't matter and those who matter don't mind.

*** "I always knew looking back on the tears would make me laugh, but I never knew looking back on the laughs would make me cry."

*** Work like you don't need the money, love like you've never been hurt and dance like no one is watching.



*** "Advice is what we ask for when we already know the answer but wish we didn't."

*** When one door closes, another opens; but we often look so long and so regretfully upon the closed door that we do not see the one that has opened for us.

*** Live with no excuses and love with no regrets.

*** "You can close your eyes to things you don't
want to see, but you can't close your heart to
the things you don't want to feel."

*** You've got to take the good with the bad, smile with the sad, love what you've got, and remember what you had. Always forgive, but never forget. Learn from mistakes, but never regret.

*** Feelings change - memories don't.


Thanks
Manal Raafat

Words that I Liked it

Strong People stand up for themselves.
But Strongest People stand up for others.


Each moment in a day has its own value.
Morning brings HOPE,
Afternoon brings FAITH,
Evening brings LOVE,
Night brings REST,
Hope you will have all of them everyday.

****************


With all the Rose's Perfume
& with all the lights in the world
& with all the children Smiles...
I Wish U that your all dreams comes True..

****************

A birth certificate shows you were born.
A photo album shows you have lived.
A death certificate shows you have died.

Thanks
Manal Raafat

Japanese art of drawing and creating shapes from cream of coffee

 I am fond of coffee.
I liked sooooo much that kind of art, the new Japanese art.

New Japanese art of drawing and creating shapes from cream of coffee will fascinate you.


"This new Japanese art of drawing and creating shapes from cream of coffee will leave you breathless", writes Business Insider.

U.S. site presents stunning images with the best works in the coffee mugs on 26-year-old Kazuki Yamamoto of Osaka. His figures and drawings of cream creamy of hot caffeinated drinks make a sensation on the Internet.


 Drawing and creating shapes from cream of coffee


Yamamoto started to deal with this kind of art when he was 20 years old while working in a coffee shop in Tokyo. Initially experimented by making to the milk leaves using the machine under stream. Once, a friend challenged him to make a cartoon. After initial success Yamamoto realizes that he has a talent and started trying to do different projects.

Yamamoto tells Internet users that any of his works was developed before the coffee gets cold. Here are some pictures of his best works.


Info Source With Compliments:http://bit.ly/KazukiYamamoto.

Thanks
Manal Raafat


Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Portrait Retouch in Photoshop


 Portrait Retouch is important it make the photos clear.
We can use some tools like.

How to do it?

  1.  Use the Quick Selection Tool, then refine the edge.
  2. Apply layer style. You can use layer mask and the Brush Tool
  3. The Spot Healing brush tool is used to hide the spots also.
  4.  Smudge Tool is used also.
Tganks
Manal Raafat

Oil Painting Photo Effects in Photoshop in easy way (photoshop lesson)

Did you think about going to someone to draw you with brush and oil?
It is not easy to stay for a long time in front of him with no movement.

Sometimes we want to see what will be the look of our photos in oil paint.

So why not trying to do it with Photoshop by yourself? 
Try to give your photos oil paint nice &  new look.

That is how to do it.

Thursday, July 13, 2017

Queen Tiye

What do you know about Queen Tiye?
You will find many posts in this blog about her and all her life.

Tiye was the daughter of Yuya and Tjuyu (also spelled Thuyu). She became the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III. She was the mother of Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV) and grandmother of Tutankhamun. 

Her mummy was identified as "The Elder Lady" found in the tomb of Amenhotep II (KV35) in 2010.

No automatic alt text available.


COPIED

Related Topics In This blog

Pharaoh Amenhotep III. and Colossi of Memnon.Add Your Touch To Your Photos

Queen TiyeThe Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep III

Colossi of Memnon of Pharaoh Amenhotep III...With Photoshop Lesson

Akhenaten The King The Consolidated


Queen Nefertiti and How to Adjust Here Photo With Photoshop


Thank You
M R
Manal Raafat


Pharaonic Important Photos

Sometimes we want to be back in history to now what was behind us.
Pharaohs help us to know the history.
Here are some photos to watch.

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Deceased and his wife Teptu with offertory table, detail from stele of Vizier Ramose, from Thebes, Egyptian civilization, New Kingdom.


No automatic alt text available.
Deceased and his wife Teptu 

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Stele of Apis bull, cult of bull with two obelisks flanking pyramid, from Serapeum at Memphis, Egyptian civilization, Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty XXI

No automatic alt text available.
Stele of Apis bull




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Anubis, God of funerals and death.

Anpu is the Greek name.

usually depicted as a canine or a man with a canine head. 


Anubis



************************************

Aswan Tombs-Nobles Tombs Aswan Egypt

Aswan Tombs



************************************

Medinat Habu- Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty.


Temple of Ramesses III

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Nice to be together
Manal raafat

Thursday, July 6, 2017

5 Reasons to Use Photoshop Curves Instead of Levels


In Photoshop, Curves are better than Levels for adjusting the brightness and contrast, and for performing color corrections on your images.
New lynda.com course Exploring Photoshop: Mastering Curves.


Here are five reasons, with specific examples, of why you want to use Curves instead of Levels:


1. Custom lightening-brightening
Curves provides 256 levels of tone and color controls on each color channel and Master channel, while Levels allows only three adjustments!




In this late afternoon image of Kachemak Bay, Alaska, that I shot from my porch, I can apply any of several Curve-based lightening adjustments (including (including customized brightness adjustments) that Levels does not provide.

Starting Level panel



Level panel after midtone-only lightening-brightening adjustment

The Levels dialog provides only three adjustment points: the Highlight, Mid-tone, and Shadow sliders (located below the histogram display).

Here I can lighten the image by adjusting the midtone slider, which lightens all the tonal values between the highlight and shadow points, while lightening the midtone the most.


Note overall-general lightening in the image above, but no change in contrast or preferential lightening or darkening of particular tonal areas.



By contrast, the Curves dialog allows me to place control points anywhere along the Master (RGB) Curve. Here I’ve added three control points, ¼ tone, mid-tone and 3/4 tone points (in addition to the two starting highlight and shadow point) that I’ve used to lighten the ¼ tone more than the 3/4 tone, while leaving the highlight and shadow points unadjusted.

Notice the three interior control points along the Curve that have been moved, while the two end control points (the highlight and shadow points) have not been moved.

Level’s three adjustment point do not allow me to customize the brightness like this.




Alternately, I can choose to lighten the image only in the ¼ tone portion of the image, as I have done here by only moving the 1/4 tone control point up while placing stationary midtone and 3/4 tone control points.






To learn more, watch the free videos Adjusting brightness and contrast and Making area-specific tonal adjustments from the new Mastering Curves course.



2. Custom contrast control

Curves provides more customized contrast control than Levels.

Levels provides enhancement of contrast only by setting highlight and shadow points. Curves allows you to adjust contrast by setting and positioning control points along the entire tonal range.

Example: Here I’ve placed eight control points along the master Curve, each of which I can adjust independently of the others. Notice that I have lightened the 1/4 tone a greater amount than I have darkened the 3/4 tone.

As a result, I am able to preferentially lighten the sky and foreground to achieve a customized contrast adjustment. Again, this type of customization of tone distribution is just not possible with Levels!






3. Quantitative control

Curves allows quantitative control of all tonal and color values, including critical highlight and shadow points, through the use of control points.

Example: This is an example of some of the subtle, and often very important, control you can easily achieve with Curves. Here I’ve placed a color sampler point on the image on an initially blown-out critical diffuse highlight area of the image (note the 255 values in the Info Panel) and darkened this critical highlight area by moving the highlight control point down in Curves.

Note how the highlight control point (solid) has been moved straight down from its initial-starting position and the final 242 values in the Info Panel, without affecting many of the other tonal values in the image.

Levels does not provide for this type of subtle, critical targeted adjustment.

Learn more: Watch the free video Setting highlights and shadows.







4. Accurate color corrections
For applying color corrections to image, Curves is the undisputed king! Using Color Sampler and Curve Control points, I can achieve exactly the results I want.

In this example, I’ve placed color sampler points on three critical neutral areas in this image, and have created corresponding Curve control points on the individual Color Channel curves.

By adjusting the control points on the individual color curves, I have neutralized the critical gray areas and corrected the color based upon the values of those critical neutral areas.

Curves allows me to control specific key areas of an image, which Levels does not, to achieve the exact numeric-based area-specific color adjustment that I want.














Blue channel adjustments of #2 Midtone and #3 3/4tone curve control points corresponding to #2 and #3 neutral color sampler points



Note better neutrals and more saturated colors in the color-corrected image above.

See how I made these color-correction adjustments in the Numeric Color Adjustments with Curves chapter of Mastering Curves.

For step-by-step instructions on how to complete a variety of curves-based color correction projects, watch my course Photoshop Color Correction: Advanced.




5. Creative control
With Curves, you can apply dramatic creative changes in tonal/color distribution totally unavailable in Levels.

In this example, I Solarize the image and control the precise look and feel of the solarization by adjusting multiple control points along the Master Curve. Here I also add a bit of Posterization of the 3/4tonal area creating a combination Partial Posterized Solarization.

Although I do not perform this here, you can even create separate solarization Curves for each color.

Using Curves to control solarization and other effects gives you more control than most dedicated effects tools!


Simply stated, Curves is Levels on steroids—and then some! Take the time to learn and use curves. You’ll be glad you did.


Referances
Copied from

learning.linkedin.com
Lynda 

Thank you
MR

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